Monday, January 2, 2012
A pre-requisite of a valid search incident to arrest, is an arrest. "If there is no arrest, however, there can be no search incident thereto (see People v Evans, 43 NY2d 160, 165-166; People v Erwin, 42 NY2d 1064, 1065)." People v Kalikow (2011 NY Slip Op 09452[4th Dept 12/23/11]). In, Kalikow, the Fourth Department held that where a police officer merely issued an appearance ticket to defendant for violating a municipal open container ordinance and had no intention of performing a custodial arrest, but defendant nevertheless was searched, the search cannot be justified as a search incident to a lawful arrest.